Chatbox

Search My Blog

Anatomy Mnemonics

Diaphragm apertures: spinal levels
Aortic hiatus = 12 letters = T12
Oesophagus = 10 letters = T10
Vena cava = 8 letters = T8


Meckel's diverticulum details
2 inches long.
2 feet from end of ileum.
2 times more common in men.
2% occurrence in population.
2 types of tissues may be present.
· Note: "di-" means "two", so diverticulum is the thing with all the twos

Diaphragm apertures
"3 holes, each with 3 things going through it":

Aortic hiatus: aorta, thoracic duct, azygous vein.
Esophageal hiatus: esophagus, vagal trunks, left gastric vessels.
Caval foramen: inferior vena cava, right phrenic nerve, lymph nodes




Liver inferior markings showing right/left lobe vs. vascular divisions
There's a Hepatic "H" on inferior of liver. One vertical stick of the H is the dividing line for anatomical right/left lobe and the other vertical stick is the divider for vascular halves. Stick that divides the liver into vascular halves is the one with vena cava impression (since vena cava carries blood, it's fortunate that it's the divider for blood halves).



Bowel components
"Dow Jones Industrial Average Closing Stock Report":
·
From proximal to distal:
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Appendix
Colon
Sigmoid
Rectum
·
Alternatively: to include the cecum, "Dow Jones Industrial Climbing Average Closing Stock Report".



Duodenum: lengths of parts
"Counting 1 to 4 but staggered":

1st part: 2 inches
2nd part: 3 inches
3rd part: 4 inches
4th part: 1 inch



Bowel components
"Dublin Sisters Ceramic Red Colored Jewelry Apparently Illegal":
· 2-4 letters of each component:

Duodenum
Sigmoid
Cecum
Rectum
Colon
Jejunum
Appendix
Ileum


Carpal bones of hand
She Looks Too Pretty Try To Catch Her

Schaphoid
Lunate
Triqetral
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate


Insertions on Grater Tuberosity
Lady Between Two Major-

Pectoralis major ,Latismus Dorsi,Teres Major



Cranial Nerves
Ooo Ooo Ooo take touch and feel virgin great vein and heart

Olfactory
Occulomotor
Optic
trochlear
trigeminal
abducent
facial
vestibulococlear
glossopharyngeal
Vagus
Accessory
Hypoglossal


Structures under Flexor Retinaculum
Tina Deserves A Nice Husband

From Medial to lateral side:
T- Tibialis posterior
D- Flexor Digitorum Longus
A- post. tibial artery
N- tibial nerve
H- flexor hallucis longus


Branches of IX Nerve
This Could Pull Me To Love

T - Tymphanic N.
C - Br. to Carotid sinus
P - Pharyngeal Br.
M - muscular br. Stylopharyngeus
T - Tonsillar Br.
L - Lesser Petrosal N.


BRANCHES OF INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY
"I Like, People Understand Over My Very Great Inspiration":

Ileolumbar
Lateral sacral
Pudendal (internal)
Umbilical
Obturator
Middle rectal
Vaginal
Gluteal (superior and inferior)
Inferior vesicle (uterine in female)


SITS ------ Rotator cuff muscles

S=Supraspinatus
I=Infraspinatus
T=Teres minor
S=Supscapularis


Chemical Formula for Extra Ocular Muscles

LR6 SO4

Lateral Rectus 6th Cranial Nerve
Superior Oblique 4th Cranial Nerve
All other Muscles by 3rd Cranial nerve



Structures Passing thru foramen Ovale

MALE = Mandibular n, Accessory meningeal a ,lesser superficial petrosal n, Emissary vein .


Structures Passing thru foramen rotandum

RotaMax
Maxillary division of trigeminal nerve

Deep Muscles of the Back
“I Love Spaghetti – Some More Ragu”:

Iliocostalis, Longissimis, Spinalis – Semispinalis,
Multifidus, Rotatores



Brachial Plexus
"Really Thirsty? Drink Cold Beer" or “Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beers”
Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches

“MARMU” (terminal nerves): Musculocutaneous, Axillary, Radial, Median, Ulnar


Muscles Inserting into Humerus
"A lady between two majors"

Pectoralis major attaches to lateral lip of bicipital groove, the teres major attaches to medial lip of bicipital groove, and the latissimus dorsi attaches to the floor of bicipital groove. The "ladt" is between two "majors"


Carpal Bones (4 proximal, lateral to medial; 4 distal, lateral to medial)
"Some Lovers/Lions Try Positions That They Can't Handle":

Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezoid, Trapezium, Capitate, Hamate.
“TrapeziUM at the thUMb"
“TrapeziOID is inSIDE"
“Flexor carpi superficialis splits in two, to permit profundus to pass through”


Radial Nerve Innervations
"BEST":

Brachioradialis, Extensors, Supinator, Triceps.


Median Nerve Innervations
"2LOAF":

Lateral 2 Lumbricals, Opponens pollicis, Abductor pollicis brevis, Flexor pollicis brevis.


Transverse Scapular Ligament
Army over (bridge), Navy under (bridge)

Artery goes over and Nerve goes under the ligament



Cubital Fossa (lateral to medial)
“TAN”:

Tendon (biceps brachii), Artery (brachial), Nerve (medial)


Hand
“PAD”: Palmar (hand) muscles ADduct
“DAB”: Dorsal (hand) muscles ABduct
“All For One And One For All” (medial to lateral):
Abductor digiti minimi, Flexor digiti minimi, Opponens digiti minimi, Adductor policis,
Opponens pollicis, Flexor pollicis brevis, Abductor pollicis brevis


Axillary Artery Branches
“Save The Lions And Protect Species”:

Supreme/Superior Thoracic Artery,
Thoracoacromial Artery, Lateral Thoracic, Anterior Circumflex Humeral, Posterior
Circumflex Humeral, Subscapular (thoracodorsal and circumflex scapular)



Thoracoacromial Artery Branches
"CAlifornia Police Department":

Clavicular, Acromial, Pectoral, Deltoid



Pectoral Nerves
"Lateral is less, medial is more"

Lateral pectoral nerve goes through pectoralis major, while medial pectoral nerve goes though both pectoralis major and minor.


Deep Posterior Leg Muscles
“Down The Hatch”:

flexor Digitorum longus, Tibialis posterior, flexor Hallucis longus


Medial Malleolus (anterior to posterior)
“Tom, Dick, And Very Nervous Harry”:

Tibialis posterior, flexor Digitorum longus
tendon, posteriotibial Artery, posteriotibial Vein, tibial Nerve, flexor Hallucis longus



SGT FOS (connections to pes anserinus)
Sartorius (Femoral nerve), Gracilis (Obturator nerve), SemiTendinosus (Sciatic nerve)



Femoral Triangle Boundaries
“So I May Always Love Sally”:

Superiorly – Inguinal ligament, Medially – Adductor longus, Laterally – Sartorius


Order of Structures in Femoral Triangle / Groin (lateral to medial)
"NAVEL":

Nerve, Artery, Vein, Empty space, Lymphatics


Leg Anterior Compartment
"The Hospitals Are Not Dirty Places":

Tibialis anterior, extensor Hallucis longus,
anterior tibial Artery, deep fibular Nerve, extensor Digitorum longus, Peronius tertius



Cruciate Ligament Paths and Insertions
“PAMs ApPLes”: Posterior [passes] Anteriorly [and inserts] Medially; Anterior [passes]
Posteriorly [and inserts] Laterally


Terrible (Unhappy) Triad Knee Injury (American football injury)

“ATM” for money-maker: Anterior cruciate ligament, Tibial (medial) collateral ligament,
Medial meniscus



Leg Nerves
“FED”: Fibular nerve Everts and Dorsiflexes the foot
“TIP”: Tibial nerve Inverts and Plantarflexes the foot



Plantar region of foot
AFA 222 FAF

Layer 1: Abductor Hallucis, Flexor digitorum brevis, Abductor digiti minimi
Layer 2: Two tendons (Flexor Hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus), Two muscles
(lumbricles, quadratus plantae)
Layer 3: Flexor Hallucis brevis, Adductor Hallucis (oblique and transverse heads), Flexor
digiti minimi brevis


Tarsal Tunnel Contents (superior to inferior)
“Tiny Dogs Are Not Hunters”:

Tibialis posterior, flexor Digitorum longus, posterior
tibial Artery, tibial Nerve, flexor Hallucis longus



Inguinal Canal Walls (superior moving around in order to posterior)
"2MALT: 2M, 2A, 2L, 2T":

Superior wall (roof): 2 Muscles: internal oblique Muscle, transverse abdominus Muscle
Anterior wall: 2 Aponeuroses: Aponeurosis of external oblique, Aponeurosis of internal
oblique
Lower wall (floor): 2 Ligaments: inguinal Ligament, lacunar Ligament
Posterior wall: 2Ts: Transversalis fascia, conjoint Tendon



Tarsal Bones
"Traverse City (is) Noted (for) MIchigan's Lovely Cherries": Talus Calcaneus (new row),
Navicular (new row), Medial Intermediate cuneiforms, Lateral cuneiform, Cuboid



Hip Lateral Rotators (Femur Greater Trochanter Attachments)
“P-GO-GO-Q”: Piriformis Gemellus superior Obturator internus Gemellus inferior
Obturator externus Quadratus femoris


Ribs (superior to inferior), Neck and Sublingual Haitus (medial to lateral)
“VAN”: Vein, Artery, Nerve



Vagal Nerve Path Into Thorax

“Not Left Behind”: Left is anterior (not behind), Right is posterior
Lung Vessels
“RALS”: Right lung artery is Anterior to broncus, Left lung artery is Superior to broncus



Structures Piercing The Diaphragm

“I 8 10 Eggs At 12”: T8 = IVC, T10 = Esophagus, T12 = Aorta


Heart Valves

“RAT, LAMB”: Right Atrial Tricuspid, Left Atrial Mitral (Bicuspid) – or –
“LAB RAT”: Left Atrial Bicuspid, Right Atrial Tricuspid



Spinal Nerves

"C3-4-5 keep the phrenic nerve (or diaphragm) alive"
"C5-6-7 raise your arms to heaven" (long thoracic nerve roots innervate serratus anterior)



Scrotum Layers (superficial to deep)
"Some Dang Englishman Called It The Testis":

Skin, Dartos, External spermatic fascia,
Cremaster, Internal spermatic fascia, Tunica vaginalis,Testis



Innervation of the Penis
"S2,3,4 keep the penis off the floor"

Refers to the innervation of the penis by branches of the pudendal nerve, which is derived
from spinal cord levels S2-4.
Point, Shoot, Score
Parasympathetic for erection, Sympathetic for ejaculation, Somatomotor for ...



Great Vessels
"ABC'S":

Aortic arch gives off the Brachiocephalic trunk, the left Common carotid, and the left Subclavian artery


“Boston College Stinks”:

right Brachiocephalic trunk, left Common carotid, left
Subclavian artery



Portal Triad
“DAV”:

bile Duct, hepatic Artery, portal Vein


Liver Lobes
“GQ”:

The Gallbladder is next to the Quadrate lobe


Pathway After Stomach
“Dow Jones Industrial Climbing Average Closing Stock Report”:

Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum, Cecum, Appendix, Colon (ascending/transverse), Sigmoid colon, Rectum



Spleen
"1,3,5,7,9,11";

It measures 1x3x5 inches, weighs 7 ounces and lies between ribs 9-11.



Thoracic Duct
"The duck is between two gooses."

duck = thoracic duct
2 gooses = azyGOUS vein and esophaGOUS



Epidermis
"Brent Spiner Gained Lieutenant Commander"

Basale, Spinosum, Granulosum, Lucidum, Corneum


Nasal Cavity Components

"Never Call Me Needle Nose!":

external Nares, Conchae, Meatuses, internal Nares, Nasopharynx


Scalp Layers (superficial to deep)
“SCALP”:

Skin,
Connective tissue,
Aponeurosis,
Loose areolar tissue,
Pericranium



Horner's Syndrome Symptoms
“SPAM”:
Sunken eyeballs/Symphathetic plexus (cervical) affected, Ptosis, Anhydrosis,Miosis


Bell’s Palsy Symptoms (Unilateral)
BELL’S Palsy”:
Blink reflex abnomal,
Earache,
Lacrimation (deficient, excess),
Loss of taste,
Sudden onset,
Palsy of VII nerve muscles



Potentially Absent Muscles
“5 P's”:
Palmaris longus [upper limb]
Plantaris [lower limb]
Peroneus tertius [lower limb]
Pyramidalis [anterior abdominal wall]
Psoas minor [posterior abdominal wall]



Facial Bones
"Virgil Can Not Make My Pet Zebra Laugh!":

Vomer, Conchae, Nasal, Maxilla,
Mandible, Palatine, Zygomatic, Lacrimal



Deep Tendon Reflexes Root Supply

S1,2 = ankle jerk
L3,4 = knee jerk
C5,6 = biceps and brachioradialis
C7,8 = triceps



Supraorbital Fissure
Structures that pass through it:

"Luscious French Tarts Sit Naked In Anticipation Of Sex."

Lacrimal nerve, Frontal nerve, Trochlear nerve, Superior branch of oculomotor nerve, Nasociliary nerve, Inferior branch of oculomotor nerve, Abducent nerve, Ophthalmic veins, Sympathetic nerves



Cranial Bones
"Old People From Texas Eat Spiders"

Occipital, Parietal, Frontal, Temporal, Ethnoid, Sphenoid


Extraocular Muscles
"LR6 - SO4 - rest3" or “(SO4LR6)3”

LR6 Lateral rectus --> VI abducens
SO4 Superior Oblique --> IV Trochlear
Remaining 4 eyeball movers --> III oculomotor



Branches of Suclavian Artery
“VT is Cold”:

Vertebral, Thyrocervical trunk, Costocervical trunk



External Carotid Artery Branches
"Some Anatomists Like Freaking Out Poor Medical Students” or “Suzy Always Lays Flat On Pillows Making Sweets Terrific":

Superior thyroid, Ascending pharyngeal,
Lingual, Facial, Occipital, Posterior auricular, Maxillary, Superificial Temporal



Internal Jugular Vein (inferior to superior)

"Medical Schools Let Confident People In":

Middle thyroid, Superior thyroid, Lingual, Common facial, Pharyngeal, Inferior petrosal sinus



Facial Nerve Branches
“Please, To Zanzibar By Motor Car” or "Ten Zombies Bought My Car"

Posterior auricular, Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Masseteric, Cervical



Trigeminal Nerve – Where Branches Exit Skull
“Standing Room Only”:

Superior orbital fissure (V1), foramen Rotundum (V2), foramen
Ovale (V3)



Ansa Cervicalis Nerves
“GHost THought SOmeone STupid SHot Irene”:

GenioHyoid, ThyroHyoid, Superior mohyoid, SternoThyfoid, SternoHyoid, Inferior omohyoid



Cervical Plexus – Arrangement of Important Nerves
GLAST”: 4 compass points, clockwise from north on the right side of neck:

Great Aucular,
Lesser occipital,
Accessory nerve (pops out between L and S),
Supraclavicular,
Transverse cervical



CN V – V3 Innervated Muscles (Brachial Arch 1 Derivatives)
“M.D. My T.V.”:
Mastication (masseter, temporalis, pterygoids),
Digastric (anterior
belly),
MYlohyoid,
tensor Tympani, tensor Veli palatini


V3 Sensory Branches
“Buccaneers Are Inferior Linguists”:

Buccal, Auriculotemporal, Inferior alveolar,
Lingual


Facial expressiojn muscles
(Making A Face To Say PSS)

“PSS”: Posterior belly of digastric, Stapedius, Stylohyoid


Lacrimal Nerve Course (Story of 8 L’s)

Lacrimal nerve runs on Lateral wall of orbit above Lateral rectus, then Lets
communicating branch join in, then supplies Lacrimal gland, then Leaves it and supplies
Lateral upper eye Lid

Related Posts by Categories



OLDER POSTS/NEWER/POSTS/HOME OLDER POSTS/NEWER/POSTS/HOME OLDER POSTS/NEWER/POSTS/HOME