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Microbiology Mnemonics

Capsulated pathogenic organisms are

Some Killers Have Pretty Nice Capsules

Quote:
S Streptococcus pneumoniae
K Klebsiella pneumoniae
H Haemophilus influenzae
P Pseudomonas aeruginosa
N Neisseria meningitidis
C Cryptococcus neoformans
Remeber... All bacilli are gram negative except "L.DATTA"

Quote:
L - Listeria
D - Diphtheria
A - Actinomycetes
T - Tetani Clostridium
T - TB Mycobatcterium
A - Anthrax bacillus
ENDOTOXIN:
Quote:
Endothelial cells/ Edema
Negative (gram- bacteria)
DIC/ Death
Outer membrane
TNF
O-antigen
X-tremely heat stable
IL-1
Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis
Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis: classic presentation
Quote:
"Sore throat, Face bloat, Pi$$ coke":
Sore throat: 1 week ago
Face bloat: facial edema
Pi$$ coke: coke-coloured urine
· Alternatively, short version: "Throat, bloat and coke".
Staphylococcus aureus: diseases caused
SOFT PAINS:
Quote:
Skin infections
Osteomyelitis
Food poisoning
Toxic shock syndrome
Pneumonia
Acute endocarditis
Infective arthritis
Necrotizing fasciitis
Sepsis
Food poisoning: bugs inducing
"Eating Contaminated Stuff Causes Very Big Smelly Vomit":
Quote:
E. coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat, esp. hamburgers]
Clostridium botulinum [canned foods]
Salmonella [poultry, meat, eggs]
Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood]
Bacillus cereus [reheated rice]
Staphylococcus aureus [meats, mayo, custard]
Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat]
Vibrio vulnificus [seafood]
Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors
SMASHED:
Quote:
Streptolysins
M protein
Anti-C5a peptidase
Streptokinase
Hyaluronidase
Exotoxin
DNAses
Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused
NIPPLES:
Quote:
Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
Impetigo
Pharyngitis
Pneumonia
Lymphangitis
Erysipelas and cellulitis
Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS
Endocarditis: lab results suggesting it
"High Tech Lab Results Point At Endocarditis":
Quote:
Hematuria
Thrombocytopenia
Leukocytosis, -penia
Red blood cell casta
Proteinuria
Anemia
Elevated ESR
Clostridium difficile: disease caused
Quote:
"Difficult to be in a Closet with someone having explosive foul smelling diarrhea, because it would smell and there would be no air in there.
Clostridium Difficile causes explosive foul smelling diarrhea and is an anaeorbe (no air).
Trichomaniasis: features
Quote:
· 5 F's:
Flagella
Frothy discharge
Fishy odor (sometimes)
Fornication (STD)
Flagyl (metronidazole) Rx
Nematodes: ones spreading by egg ingestion
Quote:
"ATE eggs":
Ascaris Lumbricoides
Trichuris trichuira
Enterobius vermicularis
spread by ingestion of eggs (vs skin invasion or insect bite)
Food poisoning: bugs inducing
Quote:
"Eating Contaminated Stuff Causes Very Bad Smelly Vomit":
E. coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat, esp. hamburgers]
Clostridium botulinum [canned foods]
Salmonella [poultry, meat, eggs]
Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood]
Bacillus cereus [reheated rice]
Staphylococcus aureus [meats, mayo, custard]
Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat]
Vibrio vulnificus [seafood]
Meningitis: risk factors
Quote:
"Can Induce Severe Attacks Of Head PAINS":
Cancer
Immunocompromised state
Sinusitis
Age extremes
Otitis
Head trauma
Parameningeal infection
Alcoholism
Infections (systemic, esp. respiratory)
Neurosurgical procedures
Splenectomy
Influenza infection: clinical manifestations
Quote:
"Having Flu Symptoms Can Make Moaning Children A Nightmare":
Headache
Fever
Sore throat
Chills
Myalgias
Malaise
Cough
Anorexia
Nasal congestion
Toxoplasma gondii: manifestations
Quote:
"My Cat Eats Mice":
Mononucleosis-like illness
Chorioretinits/ Congenital infection
Encephalitis
Myocarditis
Urease positive organisms
Quote:
PUNCH:
Proteus (leads to alkaline urine)
Ureaplasma (renal calculi)
Nocardia
Cryptoccocus (the fungus)
Helicobacter pylori
AIDS pathogens (T-cell suppression) worth knowing
Quote:
"The Major Pathogens Concerning Complete T-Cell Collapse":
Toxoplasma gondii
M. avium intracellulare
Pneumocystis carinii
Candida albicans
Cryptococcus neoformans
Tuberculosis
CMV
Cryptosporidium parvum
different tricks to remember blot techniques
Quote:
South in Gujarati is DAXIN...simple...Southern blot is for DNA
West in Gujarati is PASCHIM...so...Western Blot is for Protein
and Northern is simply for M RNA(just to remember N with M)

its how they eat
north -roti - rna
south -dosa - dna
west -pizza - protein
BACILLUS
Quote:
Bombs Make PAGes
Bombs-for Bacillus............Bamboo stick appearance
Make-Macdyean reaction
P-PLET medium
A-Agar medium[medusa head]
Ge-Gelatin stab
S-Solid medium....String in pearls reaction.......!!!!
Neisseria Meningitidis
Quote:
Loafers Eat BMTC ticket Of Mahatma Gandhi in Chennai
L-Lenticular colonies
E-Exacting growth requirements
B-blood agar[weak hemolysis]
M-Muellar hinton agar
T-Thayer martin agar
C-Chocolate agar
O-Oxidase positive
MG-utilize Glucose and Maltose
C-Catalase positive
PSEUDOMONAS pathogenecity
Remember "PSEUDOMONAS" for memorise pathogenesity of pseudomonas infection

Quote:
P= pulmonary infection
S= septicemia
E= eye infection; endocarditis
U= UTI
D= (dermatological)Ecthyma gangrenosum
O= otitis media
M= meningitis
o= --------
N= nail bed infection
A= B= burns & bed sore
S= sepsis
PATCH for sterile pyuria
Quote:
P- Pregnancy,Prostatitis
A-acute febrile illness,atypical mycobacteriae
T-TB,Trauma,Transplant rejection,Treated UTI
C-Corticosteroid use ,cyclophosphamide
H-H.influenza infection
Encephalitis: differential
HE'S LATIN AMERICAN:

Herpesviridae
Enteroviridae (esp. Polio)
Slow viruses (esp. JC, prions)
Syphilis
Legionella/ Lyme disease/ Lymphocytic meningoencephalitis
Aspergillus
Toxoplasmosis
Intracranial pressure
Neisseria meningitidis
Arboviridae
Measles/ Mumps/ Mycobacterium tuberculosis/ Mucor
E. coli
Rabies/ Rubella
Idiopathic
Cryptococcus/ Candida
Abscess
Neoplasm/ Neurocysticercosis
· Neurocysticercosis should be assumed with recent Latin American immigrant patient unless proven otherwise.

Eggs that float in Saturated Saline

Remember, "I HATE fertilised eggs"

Hymenolepis nana and Hookworm
Ascaris lumbricoides
Trichuris trichura
Enterobius vermicularis

So the fertilised eggs of all the above float in saturated saline. Everything else sinks.

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